Genesis Morocco: UNFCCC Executive Secretary addressing the media on the final day of the Bangkok Talks.

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Genesis Morocco

Project Genesis is a strategic sustainable development framework for Morocco to translate from being a net importer of energy and a country facing water shortage issues, into the number one producer both of clean renewable energy and water in the region.

Sunday, October 11, 2009    <<Home

UNFCCC Executive Secretary addressing the media on the final day of the Bangkok Talks.

Bangkok - United Nations climate talks in Bangkok wound up Friday with progress made in finalizing a negotiating text for a climate summit in Copenhagen in December but tough political decisions remain unmade, the secretariat said. "All the ingredients for success are on the table," said Yvo de Boer, executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The UNFCCC, drawing 4,000 negotiators and observers to Bangkok for two weeks to prepare for a new climate deal to replace the Kyoto Protocol, succeeded in its main task of shortening a draft negotiating text from 280 pages to about 100.

There will be one more session of talks in Barcelona next month before Copenhagen.

The tougher political decisions on climate change, mainly a commitment by developed countries to drastically reduce carbon emissions by 2020, agreements on climate finance for developing countries and mitigation commitments remain to be made by the participating governments between now and Copenhagen.

The Bangkok conference has pitted developed and developing countries against one another, especially over suggestions to drop the Kyoto Protocol, raising fears among developing countries of back-tracking on past commitments by the developed world.

The European Union has mooted the possibility of incorporating the Kyoto Protocol "architecture" into a new single agreement to be inked in Copenhagen.

"We are not trying to kill the Kyoto Protocol," said Anders Turesson, chief negotiator for Sweden, which holds the rotating EU presidency.

"We want to preserve the Kyoto Protocol. We believe the only way to do that is to find a new home for it within a single legal structure," Turesson told a press conference.

The EU's position is that a Copenhagen deal must include all major countries, including the US, which never ratified the Kyoto Protocol.

"A deal that excluded one or more major emitters would not be able to prevent global warming from reaching dangerous levels," chief European Commission negotiator Artur Runge-Metzger said in a statement released by the Swedish presidency

The also EU noted that parties finally got down to real negotiations in Bangkok, but underlined the need for "greater speed and ambition" to reach a deal.

The negotiations still lacked focus on the core issues that need to be resolved, such as the depth of emission cuts to be undertaken by industrialized countries and action by developing countries to curb their emissions growth, the presidency's statement said.

"This in turn makes it difficult to discuss financial assistance in concrete terms," the EU said. "Time is running out."

To get the US on board, the EU has been pressuring the developing countries to commit to clear mitigation measures, part of the US's reasons that kept it away from Kyoto.

"We want developing countries to commit to action," Turesson said.